Jiroft is one of the ancient cities in Kerman province, where you can enjoy the natural beauty and historical spectacle that show the rich and ancient civilization of this land. Iranian historians and archaeologists have carried out extensive research in the area, the result of which is the discovery of the amazing and fascinating ancient wonders in this area that proves Jiroft’s ancient history to the world. Alale tells all more about it.
The historian, actually, proved the theory of "the city of Precandonus" and "Ashtonlund" by performing excavations in the Hilrud area and discovering several ancient works, including soap stones and Betti statues designed and constructed in the form of a human being. A national discovery that brought about a significant achievement. These discoveries proved that the cradle of Middle Eastern civilization was not only in Mesopotamia, but it had to be found elsewhere in the world, that is, in Iran and in the land of Jiroft.
Interestingly, according to the Théânios theory, archeologists believed that in the vicinity of the Hellirud, and in an area of about 400 square kilometers, there was a city that could be considered an ancient civilization older than Babylonian and Mesopotamian civilization.
Interestingly, according to the Théânios theory, archeologists believe that in the vicinity of the Hellirud, and in an area of about 400 square kilometers, there was a city with a civilization that dates back even before than Babylonian and Mesopotamian civilization. The theory, which has become a historic fact through the discovery of the historical monuments mentioned earlier. This civilization now is titled the first civilization in the Middle East.
There are many stories behind the name of Jiroft. Some believe that the word "jir" means down and low, and the word "oft" also means "fallen" in the word. Therefore, they consider the meaning of Jiroft to be “alluvial low flat". Others also believe that "Ji" is an abbreviation for the word "Juye-Ab” (stream). "roft" also means growing and erasing, which is derived from the present form of the verb “Raftan” (go). They believed the city was destroyed completely in the past by a huge devastating flood then the Ji city became known as Jiroft.
Around the Halilrud River and in the city that long before was known as Théânios, there is one of the most valuable monuments of ancient Iran, which can be described as one of the masterpieces of arts and architectures in Iran. The work, known as the “Masjed-e-Shahre-Ghadim” (mosque of the old city of Jiroft), is over 200 years old and is the oldest mosques in the Islamic world. The mosque "Masjed-e-Shahre-Ghadim” seems to have been constructed during the Saffari era, in the third decade of the AH and under the command of Amruleith. It is interesting to know that the area of the mosque was over 6,000 square meters and had been used for nearly 2 centuries.
About 60 km from the east of Jiroft city and near the village of “Rud Fargh”, there is another historical monument of the country, known as “Samuran Castle". This is heritage of a land of culture and civilization, consisting of marble rocks, which are more in red and are made on a mountain ridge.
The two gates on the south side of the castle, along with construction of 12 observatories, in some parts of this national heritage, illustrates the plans of the builders and designers of this stronghold castle to prevent possible attacks by enemies. The castle is erected in the length of about 1,000 meters and a width of over 150 meters. There are several ruins of stone and brick foundations in that area. The castle's fortress is unique and admirable, with its fortress that shows its defensive strength.
Jiroft is a land where not only amazing monuments can be seen, but also numerous natural attractions exist. Located 40 kilometers northwest of Jiroft, there is one of these natural beauties, known as the "Jiroft Dam Lake". In fact, this beautiful tourist attraction can be called the largest and most extensive lakes in the province of Kerman, with about 400 million cubic meters of fresh water in it. It is of great importance and value in Kerman province. This dam is located on the beautiful river Halilrud and on the slopes of the Zagros Mountains. The dam was built in 1991 to store water for the production of electricity.
One of the most beautiful villages in Kerman province and Jiroft city is the village of Delfard, where you can see marvelous sceneries with beautiful and pristine views that come as the result of the presence of rivers, waterfalls, gardens, beautiful mountains, and highlands. This region is one of the most populated places in the city of Jiroft for its soothing and lovely nature. In addition to the beautiful Delfard waterfall, you could see a combination of various fruit trees, such as dates, oranges, lemons, walnuts and apricots, together.
According to explorations and investigations performed by archaeologists, another historic and ancient region was discovered that located 5 kilometers southwest of the city of Anbarabad and 30 kilometers south of the city of Jiroft. This area is known as the "archaeological site of the Konar Sandal".
These explorations were carried out by “Yousef Majidzadeh” in different regions. According to the results of these investigations, the cultural heritages, glory and three millennium civilization of Halilrud region.
He discovered the remnants of the first human built cities in this area. The city was built on the principles of archeology, and whereby he uncovered the ancient civilization and rich culture of the people of this land. Today, this area is known as Konar Sanad, which is very interesting for tourist around the globe.
There is tomb in one of the Jiroft’s districts by the name of "Garm Salar Reza". There is a historical monument that belongs to the Sufi era, which is referred to as the "Salar Reza" tombs. This valuable historical monument is related to one of the Khans in this area of Iran. Due to his important role, this place is renowned for Salar Reza’s name. The monument, which was registered in July 2000 as one of the national heritage of the country, hosts a large number of tourists from all over Iran and the world each year.
Jiroft Museum encompasses a number of ancient monuments discovered by archaeologists and officials of the country which is now one of the precious artistic and historical collections of Iran. In this museum you can find busts sculpture of humans and animals made of marble, aust sculpture of animals and human made of soap stones and potteries that date back to the late fourth and third millenniums BC in two types of simple and patterned found in discoveries conducted in Shahdad, Yahya Hill in Kerman and the burned city in Sistan. In thi8s museum you could also find works such as small objects made of Azure rocks and stoneware belong to the third millennium BC and many other relics.
Another historic monument in the city of Jiroft is an ancient monarchy belonging to the Safavid dynasty, which is located in Dolatabad-Esfandaghe, in Jiroft. This monument, called "Amirhadir tomb," includes a dome of two folders, a number of vaults, several aisles and two-story porches. The design of this mausoleum from inside is a quadrangle that has been made octagonal and eight gardens in the upper part by its creators. The circular dome is also lined up on the museum. The exterior facade of the tomb is constructed and decorated with bricks and beautiful and distinguished lines of Nastaliq and Naskh. The scripts are written to honor the person whom the mausoleum belongs to.
9- Shuaib Cave
Located 18 km from Jiroft, in a region called Maroun, there is a natural tourist attractions known as the "Shuaib Cave". This natural phenomenon has a special importance in the eyes of local people. They believe that this cave is the one in which the Seven Sleepers took refuge. Others also believe that the cave was the site where a mystic named Shuaib worshiped God. Although these narratives are of little or no value, they are respected and valued among locals. Visiting this cave will be an exciting option for nature lovers and cavers. The ancient city of Jiroft is one of the cities of ancient Iran, where there are numerous tourist attractions that unfortunately most of them are not possible to be covered in one article. Vali-Dare waterfall, the waterfall of Dare-Golam Dokhtarash, Dar-Behesht flat (Darhezar), Sarnekouh Waterfall, beautiful village of Saghari, Daryacheh Village, Ramon village, the village of Anjirsiah, Gorouh village, Sarmashk village and Garaghan village are some of the other tourist attractions of this area.
Alale is honored to be one of the exclusive tour holders for this beautiful ancient land.