Zabol, Scent of an Ancient Civilization

Zabol, Scent of an Ancient Civilization

Zabol is an ancient city with numerous tourist attractions in Sistan and Baluchestan province, which today is known as one of the tourism destinations in the country. Let’s read a long with Alale.


The beautiful city of Zabol is located in the province of Sistan and Baluchistan, which is known as the widest southeastern province of Iran. The city with its ancient background, numerous ancient artifacts and tourist attractions, each year hosts a large number of travelers and tourists throughout Iran and the world.
From the past to this day, Zabol has been called by various names such as "Segstan" or "Sjestan" and "Nimroz". The present-day Zabol, in fact, is consist of a land with hills of grasslands and marine sediments existed in the past, some of which were located at the crossing of the Hearmand River.
However, due to decrease in the water of the river, the land around it increased and got connected to the village of Hussein Abad, and thereby a vast land was created. Perhaps up until then, the name "Zabol" was not known to anyone. Then a military garrison was established in the area and the land became very significant. Eventually, in the early 20th century and in 1903, the name "Zabol" was introduced based on then council of ministers.
Zabol is the area where you can see the historic and ancient monuments of Sistan and Baluchestan province. This area of the country can be significant due to its natural and unique attractions. It is one of the main destinations of tourism in different times of the year, especially Nowruz.

The burned City (Shahre-Soukhteh)


Some 56 kilometers from Zabol, on the border of the Zabol-Zahedan road, there is one of the most valuable heritages of ancient Iran which dates back to about 3200 BC. It is known as the "burned city". This historic area was built in the second and third millennium BC by migrants who probably migrated from different parts of the country. The reason for naming of this city is a fire that occurred between the years 3200 and 2750 BC in two different periods. However, unfortunately, the script or document that describes the name of this ancient city is not discovered yet.
One of the most prominent features of this city is its well organized nature, its significant social organizations and its advanced development and rehabilitation at the time when the city was alive. The city’s regular water supply system, sewage discharge, medical knowledge of its people, and the responsibility of women in family finances were also a phenomenon in its nature. These Industrial, artistic, and social activities, has risen the archeologists’ appreciation around the world. Nevertheless, the thing that more than any other discoveries has astonished many experts in this ancient city, is finding the first signs of the earliest brain surgery in a girl aged twelve or thirteen who was treated for hydrocephaly. Based on the evidences, this girl had lived along live after the surgery.

Castle of Rostam Zabol


In 70 kilometers from Zabol, another valuable historical monument of ancient Iran exists which is known as the castle of Rostam. This is the remnants of the Islamic era, which is the title of the greatest castle of this era in the land of Zabol. It is interesting to know that the value and magnitude of this historic castle is its mythological nature. Rostam, the main famous figure in Shahnameh, is the one, to whom this castle is attributed to. Unfortunately, through the passage of time, this monument has been destroyed and environmental problems, as well as change in the direction of the Hirmand River have made a devastating alterations. So that, only four towers, entrance gate, skeletons of some arches, water storages, and a number of other monuments have remained. It seems that the "castle of Rostam" was emptied and abandoned somewhere around half a century ago. Unfortunately, scientific researches have not been carried out yet in this castle, but considering the works such as glazed pottery, it can be estimated a long lifetime for this castle.

Zabol’s Windmills in Hawzadar


Another tourist attraction in Zabol city is the "Hawzdar windmills" located in the "Hawzdar" area which is near the burned city. In fact, one can admire the spectacular example of the ancient Iranian life2800 years ago at the distance of 7 kilometers from the burned city. It is an ancient city that seems to have been established at the time of Sassanians ruling, and had ever since flourished until the rule of the Safavids. This ancient Iranian art, located near the castle, serves as an evidence of the rich civilization of this area, which is the borderline between Sistan and other parts of the province and the neighboring provinces.

Khajeh Mount and Tomb of Khajeh Ghaltan


 One of the most important shrines in the city of Zabol is the well-known mausoleum of “Khajeh Ghaltan”, which is popular among the people of Sistan and Baluchestan province and the other parts of the country. The shrine is located in the highest peak and in the northeast of Khajeh Mountain. It is geometrically rectangular, and sections such as the entrance hall, the dome room and the archway are lined with its constituent parts. Inside the room you can observe the stone of the graveyard at an approximate length of 3 meters. According to the writings of "Shah Hussein Sistani" in his book "Ahyal-Muluk", the shrine belongs to the brother of Daniel the prophet. There are also other monuments such as the palace and temple of Khajeh Mountain, the castles of Rostam, Kaferan, Kok Kahzad, Chehel Dokhtar, Sarsang, and others.

Zabol’s Museum of Anthropology


In an area of about 4,000 square meters with about 125 square meter space, there is one of the cultural and historical collections of Zabol city, which is referred to as the "Zabol’s Anthropological Museum". In this valuable collection, there are works and discoveries of about 5,000 years ago that show the civilization, culture and authenticity of the people of Zabul. It is interesting to know that the process of opening the Zabul Museum of Anthropology from the beginning of its construction until its use as a museum lasted about 18 years. Visiting this valuable collection will be a great experience.
The other tourist attraction which is a landmarks in Zabul, is a place known as the Gomroke-Blegikiha. In fact, the place where the Europeans have been working since the early days and dates back to the early 20th century. Many tourists travel to Zabul with the only purpose of visiting this place.

Tomb of Sayyid Gholam Rasul


Another historical and religious places in Zabul is "Sayyid Ghulam Rasul Tomb", located near the city of "Chabahar". Creation of this building dates back to the middle of the 5th AH century and 465 AH. It was built in Indian architectural style with white walls. Its entrance gate is also located in the western part of the mausoleum, and after entering, Emam-zadeh can be seen on the western side of the courtyard. Words such as “La ilaha illa Allah", “Mohammed", and “Ali" are scripted on the walls of the building which along with beautifully illustrated flowers, colorful paintings of lattice designs, etc., have beautified the building and making it an inspiration for many of all walks of life. It seems that this ancient monument was constructed during the rule of the Seljukites and during the Safavid rule the paintings have been carried out on its walls.

Khani Malek Kiani Citadel


It is another historic tourist attraction in Zabol that belongs to Pahlavi era. It is 16 kilometers away from the Zabul-Hearmand city rute. This historic building, known as “Khani Malek Kiani Citadel”, possessed by one of the Khans in the Sistan region. It was built in square space consisting of 4 towers, each of which has a height of 70 meters and a widths of 5 meters and 50 centimeters. There are, also, the arches, the facades that are located in all four corners of the citadel, and other spectacular sections. Some of the other features of this monument include the numerous rooms adjacent to each other and in the style of old caravansaries.

The ancient city of Dahane Gholaman


Located 45 km from Zabol and 2 km from the village of Qala Noe, there is a local archaeological site known as the "Dahane Gholaman". The site is actually the remnants of a city that used to be used as the political administrative center of Satrapi (Walyneshinan) Zarang (Zaranj) during the rule of Achaemenid. It is interesting to know that this place is mentioned in the Achaemenid scripts, in Bisotun, Persepolis and Naqshe Rostam monuments as Zarkak or Zarankai. Visiting this place will be very interesting and exciting.

Sistan and Baloochestan is one of the historical and ancient regions of Iran, with many historical monuments and tourist attractions in the city of Zabol. Other prominent places in the city include the Zabol’s Indoor Market, the historical village Qaleh Nouh, Mac-Sorkh Hunting Area, Shileh Forest, Baqiyatallah Complex, the Farangi Caravanserai, Iran and England Bank, Kahake- Kohzad castle, Chahe-Nime, Mochi Castel, Tapeh Castel, Ramrood Castle, Sam Castle, Se-Kouhe, the Shrine of Bibi doust and etc.
Alale would be honored to accompany you in your tour to Zabol.


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