The Alborz and Zagros Mountains are considered to be symbols of Iran. However, mountains like Taftan, which do not fit into any of the above mentioned mountains, still have many attractions. Let’s read along with Alale.
Mountains, in fact, have the type of features that modern humans have used them to create exciting experiences. Winter sports such as skiing are only part of these experiences. All of us are well aware of the excitement and pleasure people can take from mountains. In addition to very rich and varied vegetation, drinkable water and agricultural glaciers, animal ecosystems put mountains in a very important place. Mount Taftan is one of the highest and most beautiful mountains of Iran that possesses almost all of the abovementioned features.
At the very beginning, you must know that Taftan is the only active volcano in Iran. The mountain is located in the southeastern part of Iran, in the province of Sistan and Baluchestan, and lies at an altitude of 4042 meters above sea level among the highest mountains in Iran.
This mountain has many peaks. "Chehel-Tan" is the name of the Taftan’s volcanic peaks, which has an altitude of 4036 meters. Almost at all time of year, volcanic dust and sulfur comes out of this summit which is located 100 km from Zahedan.
In Balochi, "Tapet" means warmth. The name “Taftan” is rooted in the word “Tapatan”, which is the plural form of the word "Tapet".
According to locals, forty religious guides are lost on the main peak, so it's called forty. The total length of the Taftan Mountain range is 12 kilometers. Forty tans or pilgrimages, mountain mothers, mountain ranges (northeast) and mountain ranges are considered Taftan peaks.
At Taftan heights, there are three lakes known as “Darya Sar”; two of these lakes are located in the northern part of Taftan with freshwater, and the other is relatively large and salty water.
There are also various rivers such as "Ladiz" and "Ghazd" emanating from this mountain.
Among the plants that are grown in this area, there are trees such as bennet, almond, gaz, cyum wood, artemisia, argania and vegetation such as thyme, mountain onion, harpelock, warmong, chicory, rhubarb and Puneh.
The foxes, jackals and wolves also could be found in abundance in this area.
Normally, the amount of precipitation and snow storage in Taftan are less than the Dena and Damavand mountains, which is related to geographical features of the area.
A material that is released from the Taftan volcanic peak, combined with water, produces a dangerous toxic substance called sulfuric acid, also known as Soltani water.
Sistan and Baluchestan Province, Khash city
Khash, is the closest city to Taftan, so you must first go to this city. If you drive towards north in Khash_Zahedan rute, after about 20 km you will see a large sign showing the path to access the Taftan Mountain. In the opposite way, meaning from Zahedan to Khash, you should travel about 130 km to reach the outskirts of “Tamanda”’ and “Kousheh” villages. After that, you should pass almost 28 kilometers to reach the Taftan Mountain.
There are a totally four main ways to climb Taftan. “Panahgah” path on the western side, ‘Tarshab’ village in the eastern side, “Temin” village in the north and Sangan and Khanjank forked road in the northeast.
The most common route is Panahgah route in the western side, which is chosen by most of the climbers. To use this route, you should coordinate with the Mountaineering Board of Sistan and Baluchestan province.
Climbing the peaks of the Taftan is possible in all months of the year. However, winter weather with its heavy and cold winds can be challenging. If you are not a professional climber, you can also experience a satisfying experience by climbing some parts of the Taftan Mountain.
In you need any more details, please do not hesitate to ask Alale.